Yaraldi is one of the many dialects of the Ngarrindjeri language of the Ngarrindjeri nation. Ngarrindjeri land lies on the lower reaches of the Murray River, Lakes and Coorong region.

Yaraldi country lies in the Lake Alexandrina and Lake Albert region. Raukkan lies in Yaraldi country. Geographical locations that are often associated to this group include: Raukkan (Point McLeay); Cookes Plain; Lake Alexandrina; Loveday Bay; Meningie; Mobilong; Narrung Peninsula; Nalpa etc.

AIATSIS id : S.08


Jaralde, Jaraldi, Jaraldikald, Jarildekald (= Jarilde + -kald ‘language’), Jarildikald, pitta, Pitta-pitta, Pytu Reach, Yalawarre, Yaraldekald (= Yaralde-language), Yaralde, Yarilde, Yarildethungar, Yarildewallin (= Yaraldi-being), Yarrildie


The above map is based upon the Horton Indigenous Map of Australia © Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS, and Auslig/Sinclair, Knight, Merz, 1996. The full map is available on the AIATSIS website. The locations of the languages of SA, as stated on the this website are not intended for Land Claim use, and are an approximate guide only. Individual language project locations are based on information from publicly available MILR (ILS) documents.


Berndt, R M, Berndt C H, with J E Stanton (1993) A world that was : the Yaraldi of the Murray River and the Lakes, South Australia, Carlton, Vic.:Melbourne University Press at the Miegunyah Press , 624p. [Annotation: Extensive and detailed ethnography of the Yaraldi (a dialect unit of the Kukabrak/Narrinyeri); physical environment; economic geography; population and disease; social composition, territorial organisation and their neighbours; kinship, clan structure and hierarchy; marriage, polygamy and the status of women - sexual relations, illegitimacy, elopement; genealogies of Albert Karloan and Pinkie Mack; maps of Brinkley Reserve and Murray Bridge; avoidance relationships; clan council; use]

Berndt, R M, Berndt C H, with J E Stanton (1993) A world that was : the Yaraldi of the Murray River and the Lakes, South Australia, [Carlton, Vic.:Melbourne University Press at the Miegunyah Press , 624p.]

Berndt, Ronald M. (1940) Some aspects of Jaralde culture, South Australia. [Oceania Vol. 11 No. 2 pp164-185.]

Cerin, Mark (1994) The Pronominal System of Yaraldi. [Unpublished Honors Thesis, University of Melbourne.]

Ellis, Catherine J. (1963-65) Report on field-work within a radius of two hundred miles of Adelaide (assisted by A.M. Ellis). Adelaide, British and Foreign Bible Society. [Annotation: Languages discussed include Yaraldi (Point McLeay), Narrunga, Nukuna, Yadka, Andekerinja (songs), Kokata (songs), Mutti-Mutti, Tatiara (Wellington), Tangani, Bunadditj (Victoria). This reports on recordings made in 1963 to 1964 with Luise Hercus. The main Ngarrindjeri source were James Brooksie Kartinyeri (a Yaraldi man), but also Mick Gollan (a Tanganikald man). Location: Report held in the Barr Smith Library in the Special Collection. Copy of sound recording held at AIATSIS, Canb]

Ellis, Catherine J. (1964) Field Notes: on tape recordings of Aborignal songs made in 1962-63. Adelaide, Libraries Board of South Australia. [Annotation: Lists in great detail the content of the 42 audio Copy Tapes recorded by Catherine Elllis in her field work between 1962-63. Ellis lists the Aboriginal person recorded, where and the topic of recording (eg. song name). People from the Lower Murray region include: Rita Mason from Tailem Bend (singing) on Tape 6B, David Unaipon from Point McLeay (singing and speaking) on Tapes 10 & 11. The remainder of the tapes are of people from other language groups, particularly of Andekerinja (Ant]