Tanganekald or Thangal is one of the many dialects of the Ngarrindjeri language of the Ngarrindjeri nation. Ngarrindjeri land lies on the lower reaches of the Murray River, Lakes and Coorong region.

Tanganekald is the southern most group, and its country lies along the long stretch of the Coorong, and runs as far south as the township of Kingston SE.

Geographical locations that are often associated to this group include: the Coorong region; towns such as Kingston SE and Meningie; Salt Creek; Ten Miles Point (Taratap) etc.

AIATSIS id : S.11


Danganalun, Danganegald, Dangani, Milmain-jeri, Milmendura, Milmenrura people, Polenjunga, Taloinjunga, Tanganekald (= Tangane + -kald ‘language’), Tangane, Tangani, Tangalun, Tanganalun, Tanganarin, Tenggi (Potaruwutj term, actually for Coorong itself), Tenkinyra, Thunga, Thungah, Tunga, Wattatonga (name used by the Bunganditj, literally ‘men of the evening’ because they live to the west).


The above map is based upon the Horton Indigenous Map of Australia © Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS, and Auslig/Sinclair, Knight, Merz, 1996. The full map is available on the AIATSIS website. The locations of the languages of SA, as stated on the this website are not intended for Land Claim use, and are an approximate guide only. Individual language project locations are based on information from publicly available MILR (ILS) documents.


Dixon, R. M. W. (1974) Vocabulary from the Bordertown language. Unpublished 3 page typescript, Bordertown 1974. [Annotation: Vocabulary list with general comments on phonology; language name given as Bidjari (or Binjali); may be alternative name for Tindale’s Po;taruwutj; 70% of vocabulary is identical to Meyer’s Encounter Bay and Taplin’s Narrinyeri; lists all item from Tape A3181b (A.I.A.S.) plus items elicited later. Location: MURA, AIATSIS. Local call number: PMS 46 (Open access - reading. Closed copying & quotation. Depositor's permission. Not for Inter-Library Loan)]

Radcliffe-Brown, A. R. (1918 & 1923) ‘Notes on the social organization of Australian tribes’. Royal Anthropological Institute -- Journal, 48, pp222-253; 53, pp424-447 [Annotation: Definitions of terms used in article; approximate positions of tribes shown on sketch maps; pp.225-241; Yaralde - name of both tribe & language, Tanganalun, legend of origin of Yaralde, clans and totems listed, local organization, population, relationship system and terms; betrothal and marriage arrangements; pp.241-242; Tanganalun clans & totems listed; pp.242-250; Notes on clans of Koraulun, Portaulun, Ngaraltu, Nganguruku (with details and terms of relationship), Ngaiyau, Nauait, ]

Tindale, N.B. (1938) Prupe and Koromarange: a legend of the Tanganekald, Coorong, South Australia. [Royal Society of South Australia, 62, pp18-24.]

Tindale, Norman B. (1932) Recording S.E. of South Australia. [Audio-tapes.] [Annotation: Contains 12 records on acetate discs made in 1932 with the Tanganekald group. Location: Held in the Tindale collection in the SA Museum.]

Wells, William (1995) The journal of William Wells 1852-1855. [edited by Robert Foster. 147 leaves, with 6 leaves of plates; maps.] [Annotation: Life on a pastoral station in 1853-1854 along the Coorong; includes descriptions of Ngarrindjeri people and their lifestyle; hunting, fishing and gathering techniques; cooking methods; language; beliefs; how Ngarrindjeri people adapted to Europeans; shepherds; weapons; mortuary customs; Milmenrura peoples; body markings; brief word list. Location: Held at MURA, AIATSIS. Call no. MS 3409]