Yirawirung is located on the upper reaches of the Murray River in South Australia, close to the NSW and Victorian border.
Yirawirung lies west of the Ngintait language (on the Victorian border), east of the closely related language / dialect Ngawadj and north of the other closely related language / dialect Ngarkat.

AIATSIS id : S.12


Eramwir-rangu, Eraweerung, Erawirrangu, Erawirung, Erawiruck, Jeraruk (name of a group), Jirau, Jirawirung, Juju (of the Maraura ‘ju:’ = no), Meru (‘meru’ = man, a general term), Pomp-malkie, Rankbirit (name of a group), Willoo, Wilu (name of a group), Yerraruck, Yiran (misprint), Yirau, Yirawirung (used by AIATSIS), You-you, Yuyu.


The above map is based upon the Horton Indigenous Map of Australia © Aboriginal Studies Press, AIATSIS, and Auslig/Sinclair, Knight, Merz, 1996. The full map is available on the AIATSIS website. The locations of the languages of SA, as stated on the this website are not intended for Land Claim use, and are an approximate guide only. Individual language project locations are based on information from publicly available MILR (ILS) documents.


DIXON, R.M.W. 1993. Sources from the Lower Murray. [[Unpublished manuscript], pp. 1-15.]

HORGEN, Michael. 2004. The Languages of the Lower-Murray. [Unpublished Masters Thesis. La Trobe University.]

MOORHOUSE, M. 1846. A vocabulary, and outline of the grammatical structure of the Murray River language : spoken by the natives of South Australia, from Wellington on the Murray, as far as the Rufus. VIEW HERE []

SHAW. 1879. Overland Corner Tribe, River Murray. In Taplin, G. (ed.) The Folklore, Manners, Customs and Languages of the South Australian Aborigines. Adelaide, Government Printer: pp.28-29; pp.142-152. VIEW HERE [[Annotation: Informant Noontoo Pertchy; Contains approx. 15 words.] [This material is available at the State Library of South Australia, Barr Smith and other libraries in Adelaide.]]

TINDALE, Norman. n.d. 156 Maraura, Erawirung [[Vocabulary: 1 file, 12 kB, ~120 entries] [ASEDA.]]

TINDALE, Norman B. (Norman Barnett). c.1934 - c.1991. ‘Vocabularies: Erawirung, Jarildekald.’ [[Held at the South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/7/1/6.] [Annotation: Possibly contains a few place names at most.]]

TINDALE, Norman B. (Norman Barnett). c.1931 - c.1991. ‘Vocabulary: S.E. of S. Aust., A-Ko.’ [[Held at the South Australian Museum. Identifier: AA 338/7/1/18] [Annotation: Includes cards labelled ‘Erawirung’, but language content unknown.] ]